Wao Tededo Bibliography and Language Learning Materials


Ore Nenquimo, "Fishing for pirañas in the kapok harvest."  https://youtu.be/uZZt-EeLc80  YouTube video.   6:36   January 20, 2019

"The Huaorani are approximately 1,800 today (they were around 600 when first contacted in the early 1960s). Hunters, gatherers, sporadic gardeners, and now occasional oil workers, they live in 27 communities dispersed within a vast, legally titled territory located between the Rivers Napo and Curaray."  Laura Rival,  Ethnos, vol. 70:3, 2005"The Attachment of the Soul to the Body among the Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador ," p 22.

Catherine Peak, A Preliminary Grammar of Auca 1968.  


Camilo Tademö Wamöñe and other Waorani with Catherine Peeke, Palabras y frases útiles Castellano-Huarani

Boster, James S., James Yost and Catherine Peeke, Rage, Revenge, and Religion: Honest Signaling of Aggression and Nonaggression in Waorani Coalitional Violence.  Ethos Volume 31, Issue 4, December 2003, Pages 471-494


Map of the Waorani Territory



Quizlet Wao Tededo Language Exercises




As far as

Gobopa "I am going to    ."

Wao Tededo Vocabulary 1

Verbs (infinitive)

Pronouns and Present tense verbs

Present tense "to go"

Present tense "to eat"

Presente + durativo (-wo-) verbo ir

Past tense (verb "to go")

The past tense marker -tapa generally follows the person marker except in

the case of the first person where the person marker is inserted between the two syllables of the past tense marker.  Example

go-ta-bo-pa     I went

go-bi-tapa         You went

go-kan-tapa.      He went

go-dan-tapa       She went

go-ta-moni-pa.  We went

go-mini-tapa.      You all went

go-dani-tapa    They went

Future tense

The future tense is created by appending   -ke-person marker-impa to the verb stem as follows.

kewen-ke-bo-impa.  I will live.

kewen-ke-bi-impa.   You will live.

kewen-ke-ka-impa.   He will live.

kewen-ke-da-impa.   She will live.

kewen-ke-moni-impa.  We will live.

kewen-ke-mini-impa.    You all will live.

kewen-ke-dani-impa.     They will live.

Questions about family



Plurals-  Practice with pluralizing noun suffix -koo

Question words

Question words in simple sentences

Questions with affirmative answers using present tense in 3rd pers. sing. 

Questions with affirmative answers using present tense in 3rd pers. plural. 

Questions and answers about family

Questions about family with "ekana inga" (who is) + possessive pronouns 

Kinship terms


Place: going to, coming from

Edible ground mammals

Edible diurnal tree mammals


Wao Tededo River Names

DNA Research   Halo group C      

S. Cardoso et al., (2012).Genetic uniqueness of the Waorani tribe from the Ecuadorian Amazon. Heredity (Edinb). Jun 2012; 108(6): 609–615. Published online Jan 11, 2012. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2011.131

Katia Alvarez,  Prácticas funerarias en los Waorani del Ecuador

Humberto Awa.   https://youtu.be/aE4mBZMpAfw   Youtube video   5:24  January 23, 2019.

https://youtu.be/cyZOacjR_vQ  YouTube video   10:58

Yiro Caiga.  "A human boy returns with his peccary wife and their child."  YouTube video recorded by Tod Swanson.  Subtitles in Spanish and Wao Tededo  https://youtu.be/RyR5RT_peaY

https://youtu.be/Xr1o6XWUh-Y   YouTube video.  5:19

https://youtu.be/GlxXyJM1rxE   A man sees a tapir call a water woman out of a lake.   After seeing the tapir have sex with the woman the man copies him and eventually takes the water woman home as a second wife.  They have 3 children together. Although his first wife accepts her she begins to treat the water woman's children badly when their father is away.  Eventually the water woman takes her children and returns to the lake.  For a while the husband visits the lake.  She comes out and they make love.  But after 3 years he visits and calls and she no longer answers.